KARELIAN BEAR DOG
TRANSLATION : Mrs Peggy Davis.
ORIGIN : Finland.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID
STANDARD : 15.09.1989.
UTILIZATION : Versatile hunting dog for
large game (bear, lynx), but also elk, deer and
FCI's CLASSIFICATION : Group 5 Spitz and
Section 2 Nordic hunting dogs
Without Working Trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Medium size dog,
robust conformation, solid, a little longer than
high, with a dense coat and pricked ears.
BEHAVIOUR/CHARACTER : Balanced nature,
slightly reserved, bold, courageous; his keen
senses, especially the scent, permit that he can
be used in large game hunting.
HEAD : Seen from the front, triangular, the
forehead and the cheeks relatively large. The
forehead a little convex, the stop marked but not
steep, the superciliary ridges slightly developed.
The muzzle is deep and the nasal bridge preferably
straight, narrowing only slightly towards the
extremity. The nose is black and very well
developed. The lips are thin and well joined.
TEETH : Scissor bite.
EYES : Relatively small and brown. Alert
expression, often fiery.
EARS : Pricked, of medium size with
slightly rounded tips.
NECK : Strong, medium length, arched and
covered with thick fur.
FOREQUARTERS : Strong, shoulders relatively
oblique and muscular. The elbows fit naturally to
the chest wall, the forearms straight, the pastern
supple and only slightly bent.
BODY : Solid; the back straight and supple.
The back muscles well developed. The spacious
chest extending down to approximately the height
of the elbows. The rump is wide and slightly
sloping. The underline slightly drawn up.
HINDQUARTERS : Strong and muscular; seen
from behind, they are straight and parallel. The
anterior face of the leg is harmoniously rounded.
The thigh is broad. The angle of the stifle is
FEET : The front feet are tight,
well-arched and quite round. The hind feet, tight,
are a little longer and less arched than the front
TAIL : Set high, of medium length, curved
over the back, the tip touching the flank either
on the side or on the back.
COAT : Top coat is stiff and harsh to the
touch, longer on the neck, on the back and the
back of the thighs. The undercoat is soft and
COLOUR : Black, or of a colour approaching
a mat chestnut deriving from the reflection of the
undercoat generally reddish brown (russet);
preferably with white spots or markings, clearly
delimited at the head, the neck, the chest, the
belly and the legs. The whole black colour is also
SIZE : Ideal height at the withers is :
dogs 57 cm
bitches 52 cm
Admitted variability : +/- 3 cm
ADMITTED BUT NOT SOUGHT AFTER CHARACTERISTICS :
docked tail. Dewclaws. White coat with black
patches and patches of wolf-coloured hair.
Black-grey coat caused by mingling grey (wolf-like)
hair with the black hair.
- Light boned.
- Narrow skull.
- Pointed muzzle.
- Bat ears.
- Bulging fore-head.
- Light eyes and with some blue.
- Neck skin loose.
- Chest too deep, barrel shape.
- Straight shoulders.
- Straight stifles and flat feet.
- Wavy coat.
- Straight tail, whip tail, sabre tail.
- Unacceptable colours.
- Aggressiveness dangerous to man.
- Legs too short or too high making the dog look
either too long or too short.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The ratio between
the length of the body and the height at the
withers is of 10-9, 7 on 9,8, i.e. the dog is
about 2 - 3 % longer than high. Because of the
long hair on the culottes, the dog often gives the
impression of being slightly longer than high.
N.B. : Male animals should have two
apparently normal testicles fully descended into